Fiddler Crab References

Fiddler Crabs in Captivity…. A Real Challenge


by Hans-Georg Rupp

CORAL Magazine, May/June 2013, Volume 10, Number 3


Al-Musawi, L.I. and E. Wagner. 2012. Seasonal and Lunar Variation in the Emergence Time of a Population of Uca lactea annulipes (Milne-Edwards, 1837) at a Shore in Kuwait. Chronobiol Int 29 (4): 408–14.

Altevogt, R. 1969. Das „Schaumbaden” brachyurer Crustaceen als Temperatur-Regulator. Zool Anz 18: 5–6.

Bertram, G. 1992. Ein Aquaterrarium für Tiere der Mangrove. Bauplan und Einrichtung, Ebbe- und Flutanlage. Das Aquarium (9) 1992: 6–9.

Bones, L., L.S. Cornish, and T.T. Wong. 1984. An Electronically Controlled Tide Tank for Use in a Marine Biology Laboratory. Asian Mar Biol (1) 1984: 125–33.

Colpo, K.D. and M.L. Negreiros-Fransozo. 2011. Sediment particle selection during feeding by four species of Uca (Brachyura, Ocypodidae). Crustaceana 84 (5–6. 721–34.

Crane, J. 1975. Fiddler Crabs of the World (Ocypodidae: genus Uca). Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

Hemmi, J.M. and T. Merkle. 2009. High stimulus specificity characterizes anti-predator habituation under natural conditions. Proc R Soc B 276: 4381–88.

Hogarth, P.J. 2007. The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kim, T.W. 2010. Food storage and carrion feeding in the fiddler crab Uca lacteal. Aquat Biol 10: 33–39.

Lim, S.S.L. 2004. A Comparative Study of Some Mouthpart Adaptations of Uca annulipes (Milne Edwards, 1837) and U. vocans (Linnaeus, 1758) (Brachyura, Ocypodidae) in Relation to Their Habitats. Crustaceana 77 (10): 1245–51.

Milner, R.N.C., T. Detto, M.D. Jennions, and P.R.Y. Backwell. 2009. Hunting and Predation in a Fiddler Crab. J Ethol 28: 171–73.

Robertson, J.R. and S.Y. Newell. 1982a. A study of particle ingestion by three fiddler crab species foraging on sandy sediments. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 65 (1): 11–17.

———. 1982b. Experimental studies of particle ingestion by the sand fiddler crab Uca pugilator (Bosc). J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 59 (1): 1–21.

Rupp, H.-G. 2004. Haltung und Nachzucht der Winkerkrabbe Uca rapax unter Aquarienbedingungen. Aqualognews 61: 11–15.

Slatyer, R.A., E.S.Y. Fok, R. Hocking, and P.R.Y. Backwell. 2008. Why do fiddler crabs build chimneys? Biol Lett 4: 616–18.

Takeda, S. and M. Murai. 2003. Morphological and behavioural adaptations to the rocky substrate by the fiddler crab Uca panamensis (Stimpson, 1859): preference for feeding substratum and feeding mechanism. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 287 (2): 179–91.

Takeda, S., S. Poovachiranon, and M. Murai. 2004. Adaptations for feeding on rock surfaces and sandy sediment by the fiddler crabs (Brachyura: Ocypodidae) Uca tetragonon (Herbst, 1790) and Uca vocans (Linnaeus, 1758). Hydrobiologia 528 (1–3): 87–97.

Walker, I. 1972. Habituation to disturbance in the fiddler crab (Uca annulipes) in its natural environment. Anim Behav 20 (1): 139–46.

On the Internet

Breeding Fiddler Crabs in Captivity

CORAL Magazine, November/December 2013, Volume 10, Number 6


Baensch, H.A. and H. Debelius. 1997. Meerwasseratlas Bd. 1. Mergus-Verlag, Melle, Germany.

Christiansen, M.E. and W.T. Yang. 1976. Feeding experiments on the larvae of the fiddler crab Uca pugilator (Brachyura, Ocypodidae), reared in the laboratory. Aquaculture 8: 91–98.

Christy, J.H. 1989. Rapid development of megalopae of the fiddler crab Uca pugilator reared over sediment: Implications for models of larval recruitment. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 57: 259–65.

Feest, J. 1969. Morphologische Untersuchungen zur Ontogenese und Fortpflanzungsbiologie von Uca annulipes und Uca triangularis mit Vergleichsbefunden an Ilyoplax gangetica.  Forma et functio 1: 159–225.

George, S.B., M. Carlson, and L. Regassa. 2010. Shell use by juvenile fiddler crabs of Uca pugnax and U. pugilator. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 396: 35–41.

Gonella, H. 1999. Krebse, Krabben und Garnelen im Süßwasseraquarium. bede, Ruhmannsfelden, Germany.

Herrenkind, W.F. 1968. The breeding of Uca pugilator (BOSC) and mass rearing of the larvae with comments on the behavior of the larval and early crab stages (Brachyura, Ocypodida). Crustaceana, Suppl. II, 214–24.

Hogarth, P.J. 2007. The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses. Oxford University Press USA, p. 273.

Kersten, K. 1974. Auch Winkerkrabben kann man züchten. Aquarien-Terrarien 202–4; 228–30; 264 ff.

O’Connor, N.J. 1991. Flexibility in timing of the metamorphic molt by fiddler crab megalopae Uca pugilator. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 68: 243–47.

———. 2005. Influence of extracts of adult crabs on molting of fiddler crab megalopae (Uca pugnax). Mar Biol 146 (4): 753–59.

O´Connor, N.J. and M.L. Judge. 1997. Flexibility in timing of molting of fiddler crab megalopae: evidence from in situ manipulation of cues. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 146: 55–60.

Rupp, H.-G. 2004. Haltung und Nachzucht der Winkerkrabbe Uca rapax unter Aquarienbedingungen. Aqualognews 61: 11–15.

———. 2006. Erfolgreiche Zucht. Die Winkerkrabbe Uca ecuadoriensis ist ein dankbarer Pflegling im Aquarium. Caridina 1: 72–76.

Schäfer, F. 2006. Süßwasser-Krabben, liebenswerte Minimonster. Analog Animalbook GmbH.

Simith, D.J.B., K. Diele, and F.A. Abrunhosa. 2010. Influence of natural settlement cues on the metamorphosis of fiddler crab megalopae, Uca vocator (Decapoda: Ocypodidae). An Acad Bras Cienc 82 (2): 213–21.

Werner, U. 1998. Garnelen, Krebse und Krabben im Süßwasseraquarium. Aqualog Verlag GmbH.

———. 2008. Alles über Garnelen, Krebse und Krabben im Süß- und Brackwasseraquarium und im Paludarium. Aqualog Animalbook GmbH.


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