Opposition of the proposed 4(d) rule banning the import or export of Banggai Cardinalfish

via Quality Marine

Take action now – Submit your comments in opposition of the proposed 4(d) rule banning the import or export of Banggai Cardinalfish today!

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has proposed 4(d) rule NOAA–NMFS–2023–0099, which would ban the import or export of the Banggai Cardinalfish into and out of the United States regardless of its source.

The vast majority of documented Banggai Cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni) imports into the U.S. originate from aquaculture farms abroad, and play a vital role in our hobby. Recognizing the challenges faced by Banggai cardinalfish over a decade ago, the aquarium trade took proactive steps to establish sustainable aquaculture facilities both domestically and internationally. While aquaculture exists in the U.S. for this species, it’s only a very small fraction of the total volume. Domestic production is very difficult, and is space and labor-intensive, and will therefore likely never grow cost-effective to meet the demand here in the U.S.

Quality Marine has played a key role in establishing an overseas commercial aquaculture farm over a decade ago, dedicated to breeding and rearing Banggai Cardinalfish. These efforts are a testament to our commitment to preserving this species through sustainable practices. Without the volume of U.S. imports of Banggai Cardinalfish, which account for the majority of the output from aquaculture operations abroad, those operations will cease production of the species, which will likely shutter their businesses, further pressuring wild populations as the only available sources for the species.

Please join us in voicing your position to the proposed 4(d) rule. We believe that a more effective approach involves supporting trade in sustainably aquacultured Banggai Cardinalfish. By doing so, we can ensure the conservation of Banggai Cardinalfish while allowing hobbyists to continue enjoying and breeding this fascinating species in the home aquarium.

To make your voice heard, please take a moment to submit your comments opposing the 4(d) rule through the official channel provided by NOAA. You can access this submission portal by visiting the link below, and filling in the required information along with your thoughts on why the proposed rule would not serve the best interests of this species or the aquarium hobby and trade:


Let’s stand together to safeguard the Banggai Cardinalfish and promote responsible trade practices. Feel free to share this message with fellow hobbyists who share our passion for sustainable aquarium practices.

Thank you for taking the time to support this crucial cause.   


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