SKUNKED! References, CORAL Magazine May/June 2021

Seduced by the lovely Phalerebus anemonefishes

by Scott W. Michael

An obscure footnote to zoological history tells us that a certain colonial British swashbuckler, Lt. Claude Augustus Champion De Crespigny (1829–1884), went to the island of Borneo on a wooden sailing ship to battle Malay pirates, quell the local Dyak headhunters, and search for a long-lost tribe of fair-haired, blue-eyed natives living in the rainforest. Instead, he came back with an often-cited account of netting small, pretty fishes that tended to be found near large sea anemones.

—CORAL Magazine, Volume 18, Number 3, May/June 2021


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Hattori, A., 1995. Coexistence of two anemonefishes, Amphiprion clarkii and A. perideraion, which utilize the same host sea anemone. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 42(4), pp.345-353.

Hattori, A., 2000. Social and mating systems of the protandrous anemonefish Amphiprion perideraion under the influence of a larger congener. Austral Ecology, 25(2), pp.187-192.

He, S., Planes, S., Sinclair-Taylor, T.H. and Berumen, M.L., 2019. Diagnostic nuclear markers for hybrid Nemos in Kimbe Bay, PNG-Amphiprion chrysopterus x Amphiprion sandaracinos hybrids. Marine Biodiversity, 49(3), pp.1261-1269.

Ho, Y.S., Chen, C.M., Chen, W.Y. and Chang, W.B., 2008. Embryo development and larval rearing of pink clownfish (Amphiprion perideraion). 臺灣水產學會刊, 35(1), pp.75-85.

Huyghe, F. and Kochzius, M., 2017. Highly restricted gene flow between disjunct populations of the skunk clownfish (Amphiprion akallopisos) in the Indian Ocean. Marine Ecology, 38(1), p.e12357.

Madhu, R. and Madhu, K., 2012. Lunar spawning rhythm in orange anemone fish Amphiprion sandaracinos (Pomacentridae) under captive condition. Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics, 27(1-4), p.1.

Parmentier, E., Lagardère, J.P., Vandewalle, P. and Fine, M.L., 2005. Geographical variation in sound production in the anemonefish Amphiprion akallopisos. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 272(1573), pp.1697-1703.

Patzner, R.A., 2008. Ecological studies on two Amphiprion species in Maldivian coral reefs. The Open Fish Science Journal, 1(1).

Scott, A. and Francisco, B., 2006. Observations on the feeding behaviour of resident anemonefish during host sea anemone spawning. Coral Reefs, 25(3), pp.451-451.

Thakur, V.R., Verma, A.K., Roy, S.D., Chadha, N.K., Prakash, C. and Saharan, N., 2020. Effect of different diets on reproductive performance of skunk clownfish, Amphiprion akallopisos (Bleeker 1853) and water policy from Andaman & Nicobar Islands. World Water Policy, 6(2), pp.314-322.

Varghese, B., Paulraj, R., Gopakumar, G. and Chakraborty, K., 2009. Dietary influence on the egg production and larval viability in true Sebae clownfish Amphiprion sebae Bleeker 1853. Asian Fisheries Science, 22(1), pp.7-2o.

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